Guide The Bitch, The Crone, and The Harlot: Reclaiming the Magical Feminine in Midlife

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And the Harlot gives herself time to absorb the beauty around her-as well as The Bitch, the Crone, and the Harlot: Reclaiming the Magical Feminine in Midlife.
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So, in his Ecclesiae , he will have those four cardinal virtues to be nought else but love rightly composed; in his Dei, cap. Beroaldus hath expressed all this in an epigram of his: Dogmata divini memorant si vera Platonis,. Valesius, lib. The rational resides in the brain, the other in the liver as before hath been said out of Plato and others ; the heart is diversely affected of both, and carried a thousand ways by consent. The sensitive faculty most part overrules reason, the soul is carried hoodwinked, and the understanding captive like a beast.

Leon Hubreus, in his first dialogue, reduceth them all to these three, utile, jucundum, honestum , profitable, pleasant, honest; out of Aristotle belike 8. The love of honest things consists in virtue and wisdom, and is preferred before that which is profitable and pleasant: intellectual, about that which is honest. Austin calls profitable, worldly; pleasant, carnal; honest, spiritual. Of each of these I will briefly dilate, and show in what sort they cause melancholy.

Amongst all these fair enticing objects, which procure love, and bewitch the soul of man, there is none so moving, so forcible as profit; and that which carrieth with it a show of commodity. Health indeed is a precious thing, to recover and preserve which we will undergo any misery, drink bitter potions, freely give our goods: restore a man to his health, his purse lies open to thee, bountiful he is, thankful and beholding to thee; but give him wealth and honour, give him gold, or what shall be for his advantage and preferment, and thou shalt command his affections, oblige him eternally to thee, heart, hand, life, and all is at thy service, thou art his dear and loving friend, good and gracious lord and master, his Mecaenas; he is thy slave, thy vassal, most devote, affectioned, and bound in all duty: tell him good tidings in this kind, there spoke an angel, a blessed hour that brings in gain, he is thy creature, and thou his creator, he hugs and admires thee; he is thine for ever.

No loadstone so attractive as that of profit, none so fair an object as this of gold; [] nothing wins a man sooner than a good turn, bounty and liberality command body and soul: Munera crede mihi placant hominesque deosque;. Pleasant objects are infinite, whether they be such as have life, or be without life; inanimate are countries, provinces, towers, towns, cities, as he said, [] Pulcherrimam insulam videmus, etiam cum non videmus we see a fair island by description, when we see it not.

These things in themselves are pleasing and good, singular ornaments, necessary, comely, and fit to be had; but when we fix an immoderate eye, and dote on them over much, this pleasure may turn to pain, bring much sorrow and discontent unto us, work our final overthrow, and cause melancholy in the end. The lascivious dotes on his fair mistress, the glutton on his dishes, which are infinitely varied to please the palate, the epicure on his several pleasures, the superstitious on his idol, and fats himself with future joys, as Turks feed themselves with an imaginary persuasion of a sensual paradise: so several pleasant objects diversely affect diverse men.

But the fairest objects and enticings proceed from men themselves, which most frequently captivate, allure, and make them dote beyond all measure upon one another, and that for many respects: first, as some suppose, by that secret force of stars, quod me tibi temperat astrum? They do singularly dote on such a man, hate such again, and can give no reason for it.

The physicians refer this to their temperament, astrologers to trine and sextile aspects, or opposite of their several ascendants, lords of their genitures, love and hatred of planets; [] Cicogna, to concord and discord of spirits; but most to outward graces.

A merry companion is welcome and acceptable to all men, and therefore, saith [] Gomesius, princes and great men entertain jesters and players commonly in their courts. But [] Pares cum paribus facillime congregantur , 'tis that [] similitude of manners, which ties most men in an inseparable link, as if they be addicted to the same studies or disports, they delight in one another's companies, birds of a feather will gather together: if they be of divers inclinations, or opposite in manners, they can seldom agree.

Secondly, [] affability, custom, and familiarity, may convert nature many times, though they be different in manners, as if they be countrymen, fellow-students, colleagues, or have been fellow-soldiers, [] brethren in affliction, [] acerba calamitatum societas, diversi etiam ingenii homines conjungit affinity, or some such accidental occasion, though they cannot agree amongst themselves, they will stick together like burrs, and bold against a third; so after some discontinuance, or death, enmity ceaseth; or in a foreign place: Pascitur in vivis livor, post fata quiescit:.

Beauty is the common object of all love, [] as jet draws a straw, so doth beauty love: virtue and honesty are great motives, and give as fair a lustre as the rest, especially if they be sincere and right, not fucate, but proceeding from true form, and an incorrupt judgment; those two Venus' twins, Eros and Anteros, are then most firm and fast.

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For many times otherwise men are deceived by their flattering gnathos, dissembling camelions, outsides, hypocrites that make a show of great love, learning, pretend honesty, virtue, zeal, modesty, with affected looks and counterfeit gestures: feigned protestations often steal away the hearts and favours of men, and deceive them, specie virtutis et umbra , when as revera and indeed, there is no worth or honesty at all in them, no truth, but mere hypocrisy, subtlety, knavery, and the like. As true friends they are, as he that Caelius Secundus met by the highway side; and hard it is in this temporising age to distinguish such companions, or to find them out.

Such gnathos as these for the most part belong to great men, and by this glozing flattery, affability, and such like philters, so dive and insinuate into their favours, that they are taken for men of excellent worth, wisdom, learning, demigods, and so screw themselves into dignities, honours, offices; but these men cause harsh confusion often, and as many times stirs as Rehoboam's counsellors in a commonwealth, overthrew themselves and others. The true object of this honest love is virtue, wisdom, honesty, [] real worth, Interna forma , and this love cannot deceive or be compelled, ut ameris amabilis esto , love itself is the most potent philtrum, virtue and wisdom, gratia gratum faciens , the sole and only grace, not counterfeit, but open, honest, simple, naked, [] descending from heaven, as our apostle hath it, an infused habit from God, which hath given several gifts, as wit, learning, tongues, for which they shall be amiable and gracious, Eph.

Joseph found favour in Pharaoh's court, Gen. Christ was gracious with God and men, Luke ii. There is still some peculiar grace, as of good discourse, eloquence, wit, honesty, which is the primum mobile , first mover, and a most forcible loadstone to draw the favours and good wills of men's eyes, ears, and affections unto them. When Jesus spake, they were all astonished at his answers, Luke ii. An orator steals away the hearts of men, and as another Orpheus, quo vult, unde vult , he pulls them to him by speech alone: a sweet voice causeth admiration; and he that can utter himself in good words, in our ordinary phrase, is called a proper man, a divine spirit.

For which cause belike, our old poets, Senatus populusque poetarum , made Mercury the gentleman-usher to the Graces, captain of eloquence, and those charities to be Jupiter's and Eurymone's daughters, descended from above.

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Though they be otherwise deformed, crooked, ugly to behold, those good parts of the mind denominate them fair. Plato commends the beauty of Socrates; yet who was more grim of countenance, stern and ghastly to look upon? So are and have been many great philosophers, as [] Gregory Nazianzen observes, deformed most part in that which is to be seen with the eyes, but most elegant in that which is not to be seen.

Saepe sub attrita latitat sapientia veste. No man then living was so fair as Alcibiades, so lovely quo ad superficiem , to the eye, as [] Boethius observes, but he had Corpus turpissimum interne , a most deformed soul; honesty, virtue, fair conditions, are great enticers to such as are well given, and much avail to get the favour and goodwill of men. Abdolominus in Curtius, a poor man, but which mine author notes, [] the cause of this poverty was his honesty for his modesty and continency from a private person for they found him digging in his garden was saluted king, and preferred before all the magnificoes of his time, injecta ei vestis purpura auroque distincta , a purple embroidered garment was put upon him, [] and they bade him wash himself, and, as he was worthy, take upon him the style and spirit of a king, continue his continency and the rest of his good parts.

It is worthy of your attention, Livy cries, [] you that scorn all but riches, and give no esteem to virtue, except they be wealthy withal, Q. Cincinnatus had but four acres, and by the consent of the senate was chosen dictator of Rome. Of such account were Cato, Fabricius, Aristides, Antonius, Probus, for their eminent worth: so Caesar, Trajan, Alexander, admired for valour, [] Haephestion loved Alexander, but Parmenio the king: Titus deliciae humani generis , and which Aurelius Victor hath of Vespasian, the darling of his time, as [] Edgar Etheling was in England, for his [] excellent virtues: their memory is yet fresh, sweet, and we love them many ages after, though they be dead: Suavem memoriam sui reliquit , saith Lipsius of his friend, living and dead they are all one.

I [] do mightily love Calvisinus, so Pliny writes to Sossius a most industrious, eloquent, upright man, which is all in all with me: the affection came from his good parts. And as St. Austin comments on the 84th Psalm, [] there is a peculiar beauty of justice, and inward beauty, which we see with the eyes of our hearts, love, and are enamoured with, as in martyrs, though their bodies be torn in pieces with wild beasts, yet this beauty shines, and we love their virtues.

The [] stoics are of opinion that a wise man is only fair; and Cato in Tully 3 de Finibus contends the same, that the lineaments of the mind are far fairer than those of the body, incomparably beyond them: wisdom and valour according to [] Xenophon, especially deserve the name of beauty, and denominate one fair, et incomparabiliter pulchrior est as Austin holds veritas Christianorum quam Helena Graecorum.

Wine is strong, the king is strong, women are strong, but truth overcometh all things, Esd.

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Blessed is the man that findeth wisdom, and getteth understanding, for the merchandise thereof is better than silver, and the gain thereof better than gold: it is more precious than pearls, and all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared to her, Prov. Alanus, one of the king's chaplains, a silly, old, [] hard-favoured man fast asleep in a bower, and kissed him sweetly; when the young ladies laughed at her for it, she replied, that it was not his person that she did embrace and reverence, but, with a platonic love, the divine beauty of [] his soul.

Thus in all ages virtue hath been adored, admired, a singular lustre hath proceeded from it: and the more virtuous he is, the more gracious, the more admired. No man so much followed upon earth as Christ himself: and as the Psalmist saith, xlv. Chrysostom Hom. Bernard Ser. Thomas in Psal.

Jesu et Mariae , adding as much of Joseph and the Virgin Mary,— haec alias forma praecesserit omnes , [] according to that prediction of Sibylla Cumea. Be they present or absent, near us, or afar off, this beauty shines, and will attract men many miles to come and visit it. Plato and Pythagoras left their country, to see those wise Egyptian priests: Apollonius travelled into Ethiopia, Persia, to consult with the Magi, Brachmanni, gymnosophists.

The Queen of Sheba came to visit Solomon; and many, saith [] Hierom, went out of Spain and remote places a thousand miles, to behold that eloquent Livy: [] Multi Romam non ut urbem pulcherrimam, aut urbis et orbis dominum Octavianum, sed ut hunc unum inviserent audirentque, a Gadibus profecti sunt.

No beauty leaves such an impression, strikes so deep [] , or links the souls of men closer than virtue. Charity composed of all three Kinds, Pleasant, Profitable, Honest. Besides this love that comes from profit, pleasant, honest for one good turn asks another in equity , that which proceeds from the law of nature, or from discipline and philosophy, there is yet another love compounded of all these three, which is charity, and includes piety, dilection, benevolence, friendship, even all those virtuous habits; for love is the circle equant of all other affections, of which Aristotle dilates at large in his Ethics, and is commanded by God, which no man can well perform, but he that is a Christian, and a true regenerate man; this is, [] To love God above all, and our neighbour as ourself; for this love is lychnus accendens et accensus , a communicating light, apt to illuminate itself as well as others.

Nature binds all creatures to love their young ones; a hen to preserve her brood will run upon a lion, a hind will fight with a bull, a sow with a bear, a silly sheep with a fox. So the same nature urgeth a man to love his parents, [] dii me pater omnes oderint, ni te magis quam oculos amem meos! Amor laudis et patriae pro stipendio est ; the Decii did se devovere , Horatii, Curii, Scaevola, Regulus, Codrus, sacrifice themselves for their country's peace and good. His Pedigree, Power, and Extent. In the preceding section mention was made, amongst other pleasant objects, of this comeliness and beauty which proceeds from women, that causeth heroical, or love-melancholy, is more eminent above the rest, and properly called love.

The part affected in men is the liver, and therefore called heroical, because commonly gallants. Noblemen, and the most generous spirits are possessed with it. Which although it be denominated from men, and most evident in them, yet it extends and shows itself in vegetal and sensible creatures, those incorporeal substances as shall be specified , and hath a large dominion of sovereignty over them. His pedigree is very ancient, derived from the beginning of the world, as [] Phaedrus contends, and his [] parentage of such antiquity, that no poet could ever find it out.

Hesiod makes [] Terra and Chaos to be Love's parents, before the Gods were born: Ante deos omnes primum generavit amorem. Some think it is the self-same fire Prometheus fetched from heaven. Plutarch amator. The moral of this is in [] Ficinus. Another tale is there borrowed out of Aristophanes: [] in the beginning of the world, men had four arms and four feet, but for their pride, because they compared themselves with the gods, were parted into halves, and now peradventure by love they hope to be united again and made one.

O Vulcan the gods' great smith, we beseech thee to work us anew in thy furnace, and of two make us one; which he presently did, and ever since true lovers are either all one, or else desire to be united. Many such tales you shall find in Leon Hebreus, dial. His power and sovereignty is expressed by the [] poets, in that he is held to be a god, and a great commanding god, above Jupiter himself; Magnus Daemon, as Plato calls him, the strongest and merriest of all the gods according to Alcinous and [] Athenaeus.

Amor virorum rex, amor rex et deum , as Euripides, the god of gods and governor of men; for we must all do homage to him, keep a holiday for his deity, adore in his temples, worship his image, numen enim hoc non est nudum nomen and sacrifice to his altar, that conquers all, and rules all: [] Mallem cum icone, cervo et apro Aeolico,. Love, or Heroical Melancholy, his definition, part affected.

You have heard how this tyrant Love rageth with brute beasts and spirits; now let us consider what passions it causeth amongst men. How it tickles the hearts of mortal men, Horresco referens ,—I am almost afraid to relate, amazed, [] and ashamed, it hath wrought such stupendous and prodigious effects, such foul offences.

Harold And The Bitch

Love indeed I may not deny first united provinces, built cities, and by a perpetual generation makes and preserves mankind, propagates the church; but if it rage it is no more love, but burning lust, a disease, frenzy, madness, hell. It subverts kingdoms, overthrows cities, towns, families, mars, corrupts, and makes a massacre of men; thunder and lightning, wars, fires, plagues, have not done that mischief to mankind, as this burning lust, this brutish passion.

Notwithstanding they know these and many such miseries, threats, tortures, will surely come upon them, rewards, exhortations, e contra ; yet either out of their own weakness, a depraved nature, or love's tyranny, which so furiously rageth, they suffer themselves to be led like an ox to the slaughter: Facilis descensus Averni they go down headlong to their own perdition, they will commit folly with beasts, men leaving the natural use of women, as [] Paul saith, burned in lust one towards another, and man with man wrought filthiness.

Socrates pulchrorum Adolescentum causa frequens Gymnasium adibat, flagitiosque spectaculo pascebat oculos, quod et Philebus et Phaedon, Rivales, Charmides et [] reliqui Platonis Dialogi, satis superque testatum faciunt: quod vero Alcibiades de eodem Socrate loquatur, lubens conticesco, sed et abhorreo; tantum incitamentum praebet libidini.

At hunc perstrinxit Theodoretus lib. Quin et ipse Plato suum demiratur Agathonem, Xenophon, Cliniam, Virgilius Alexin, Anacreon Bathyllum: Quod autem de Nerone, Claudio, caeterorumque portentosa libidine memoriae proditum, mallem a Petronio, Suetonio, caeterisque petatis, quando omnem fidem excedat, quam a me expectetis; sed vetera querimur.

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Johannes de la Casa, Beventinus Episcopus, divinum opus vocat, suave scelus, adeoque jactat, se non alia, usum Venere. Nihil usitatius apud monachos, Cardinales, sacrificulos, etiam [] furor hic ad mortem, ad insaniam. Et horrendum sane dictu, quantum apud nos patrum memoria, scelus detestandum hoc saevierit! Quum enim Anno Sed vide si lubet eorundem Catalogum apud eundem Balcum; Puellae inquit in lectis dormire non poterant ob fratres necromanticos. Haec si apud votarios, monachos, sanctos scilicet homunciones, quid in foro, quid in aula factum suspiceris?

Sileo interim turpes illas, et ne nominandas quidem monachorum [] mastrupationes, masturbatores. Immo quod magis mirere, faemina foeminam Constantinopoli non ita pridem deperiit, ausa rem plane incredibilem, mutato cultu mentita virum de nuptiis sermonem init, et brevi nupta est: sed authorem ipsum consule, Busbequium. Omitto [] Salanarios illos Egyptiacos, qui cum formosarum cadaveribus concumbunt; et eorum vesanam libidinem, qui etiam idola et imagines depereunt.

Pontius C. Caesaris legatus, referente Plinio, lib. Heliogabalus, per omnia cava corporis libidinem recepit, Lamprid. Ut veram plane sit, quod apud [] Plutarchum Gryllus Ulyssi objecit. I come at last to that heroical love which is proper to men and women, is a frequent cause of melancholy, and deserves much rather to be called burning lust, than by such an honourable title. There is an honest love, I confess, which is natural, laqueus occultus captivans corda hominum, ut a mulieribus non possint separari, a secret snare to captivate the hearts of men, as [] Christopher Fonseca proves, a strong allurement, of a most attractive, occult, adamantine property, and powerful virtue, and no man living can avoid it.

He is not a man but a block, a very stone, aut [] Numen, aut Nebuchadnezzar , he hath a gourd for his head, a pepon for his heart, that hath not felt the power of it, and a rare creature to be found, one in an age, Qui nunquam visae flagravit amore puellae ; [] for semel insanivimus omnes , dote we either young or old, as [] he said, and none are excepted but Minerva and the Muses: so Cupid in [] Lucian complains to his mother Venus, that amongst all the rest his arrows could not pierce them. But this nuptial love is a common passion, an honest, for men to love in the way of marriage; ut materia appetit formam, sic mulier virum.

Dear wife, let's live in love, and die together,. Of all causes the remotest are stars. Many such causes may be reckoned up, but they cannot avail, except opportunity be offered of time, place, and those other beautiful objects, or artificial enticements, as kissing, conference, discourse, gestures concur, with such like lascivious provocations. Kornmannus, in his book de linea amoris , makes five degrees of lust, out of [] Lucian belike, which he handles in five chapters, Visus, Colloquium, Convictus, Oscula, Tactus.

For there be those so apt, credulous, and facile to love, that if they hear of a proper man, or woman, they are in love before they see them, and that merely by relation, as Achilles Tatius observes. Callisthenes a rich young gentleman of Byzance in Thrace, hearing of [] Leucippe, Sostratus' fair daughter, was far in love with her, and, out of fame and common rumour, so much incensed, that he would needs have her to be his wife.

And sometimes by reading they are so affected, as he in [] Lucian confesseth of himself, I never read that place of Panthea in Xenophon, but I am as much affected as if I were present with her. Such persons commonly [] feign a kind of beauty to themselves; and so did those three gentlewomen in [] Balthazar Castilio fall in love with a young man whom they never knew, but only heard him commended: or by reading of a letter; for there is a grace cometh from hearing, [] as a moral philosopher informeth us, as well from sight; and the species of love are received into the fantasy by relation alone: [] ut cupere ab aspectu, sic velle ab auditu , both senses affect.

Interdum et absentes amamus , sometimes we love those that are absent, saith Philostratus, and gives instance in his friend Athenodorus, that loved a maid at Corinth whom he never saw; non oculi sed mens videt , we see with the eyes of our understanding. But the most familiar and usual cause of love is that which comes by sight, which conveys those admirable rays of beauty and pleasing graces to the heart. Through it love is kindled like a fire.

This amazing, confounding, admirable, amiable beauty, [] than which in all nature's treasure saith Isocrates there is nothing so majestical and sacred, nothing so divine, lovely, precious, 'tis nature's crown, gold and glory; bonum si non summum, de summis tamen non infrequenter triumphans , whose power hence may be discerned; we contemn and abhor generally such things as are foul and ugly to behold, account them filthy, but love and covet that which is fair.

That Persian Xerxes when he destroyed all those temples of the gods in Greece, caused that of Diana, in integrum servari , to be spared alone for that excellent beauty and magnificence of it. Inanimate beauty can so command. Whiteness in the lily, red in the rose, purple in the violet, a lustre in all things without life, the clear light of the moon, the bright beams of the sun, splendour of gold, purple, sparkling diamond, the excellent feature of the horse, the majesty of the lion, the colour of birds, peacock's tails, the silver scales of fish, we behold with singular delight and admiration.

And of all mortal men they alone [] Calcagninus holds are free from calumny; qui divitiis, magistratu et gloria florent, injuria lacessimus , we backbite, wrong, hate renowned, rich, and happy men, we repine at their felicity, they are undeserving we think, fortune is a stepmother to us, a parent to them. We envy saith [] Isocrates wise, just, honest men, except with mutual offices and kindnesses, some good turn or other, they extort this love from us; only fair persons we love at first sight, desire their acquaintance, and adore them as so many gods: we had rather serve them than command others, and account ourselves the more beholding to them, the more service they enjoin us: though they be otherwise vicious, dishonest, we love them, favour them, and are ready to do them any good office for their [] beauty's sake, though they have no other good quality beside.

Dic igitur o fomose, adolescens as that eloquent Phavorinus breaks out in [] Stobeus dic Autiloque, suavius nectare loqueris; dic o Telemache, vehementius Ulysse dicis; dic Alcibiades utcunque ebrius, libentius tibi licet ebrio auscultabimus. Speak, fair youth, speak Autiloquus, thy words are sweeter than nectar, speak O Telemachus, thou art more powerful than Ulysses, speak Alcibiades though drunk, we will willingly hear thee as thou art.

Faults in such are no faults: for when the said Alcibiades had stolen Anytus his gold and silver plate, he was so far from prosecuting so foul a fact though every man else condemned his impudence and insolency that he wished it had been more, and much better he loved him dearly for his sweet sake. Many men have been preferred for their person alone, chosen kings, as amongst the Indians, Persians, Ethiopians of old; the properest man of person the country could afford, was elected their sovereign lord; Gratior est pulchro veniens e corpore virtus , [] and so have many other nations thought and done, as [] Curtius observes: Ingens enim in corporis majestate veneratio est , for there is a majestical presence in such men; and so far was beauty adored amongst them, that no man was thought fit to reign, that was not in all parts complete and supereminent.

Agis, king of Lacedaemon, had like to have been deposed, because he married a little wife, they would not have their royal issue degenerate. Who would ever have thought that Adrian' the Fourth, an English monk's bastard as [] Papirius Massovius writes in his life , inops a suis relectus, squalidus et miser , a poor forsaken child, should ever come to be pope of Rome? But why was it? Erat acri ingenio, facundia expedita eleganti corpore, facieque laeta ac hilari , as he follows it out of [] Nubrigensis, for he ploughs with his heifer, he was wise, learned, eloquent, of a pleasant, a promising countenance, a goodly, proper man; he had, in a word, a winning look of his own, and that carried it, for that he was especially advanced.

So Saul was a goodly person and a fair. Branchus the son of Apollo, whom he begot of Jance, Succron's daughter saith Lactantius , when he kept King Admetus' herds in Thessaly, now grown a man, was an earnest suitor to his mother to know his father; the nymph denied him, because Apollo had conjured her to the contrary; yet overcome by his importunity at last she sent him to his father; when he came into Apollo's presence, malas Dei reverenter osculatus , he carried himself so well, and was so fair a young man, that Apollo was infinitely taken with the beauty of his person, he could scarce look off him, and said he was worthy of such parents, gave him a crown of gold, the spirit of divination, and in conclusion made him a demigod.

Beauty is a dower of itself, a sufficient patrimony, an ample commendation, an accurate epistle, as [] Lucian, [] Apuleius, Tiraquellus, and some others conclude. Imperio digna forma , beauty deserves a kingdom, saith Abulensis, paradox. Plato calls beauty for that cause a privilege of nature, Naturae gaudentis opus , nature's masterpiece, a dumb comment; Theophrastus, a silent fraud; still rhetoric Carneades, that persuades without speech, a kingdom without a guard, because beautiful persons command as so many captains; Socrates, a tyranny, which tyranniseth over tyrants themselves; which made Diogenes belike call proper women queens, quod facerent homines quae praeciperent , because men were so obedient to their commands.

They will adore, cringe, compliment, and bow to a common wench if she be fair as if she were a noble woman, a countess, a queen, or a goddess. Those intemperate young men of Greece erected at Delphos a golden image with infinite cost, to the eternal memory of Phryne the courtesan, as Aelian relates, for she was a most beautiful woman, insomuch, saith [] Athenaeus, that Apelles and Praxiteles drew Venus's picture from her. Thus young men will adore and honour beauty; nay kings themselves I say will do it, and voluntarily submit their sovereignty to a lovely woman.

Wine is strong, kings are strong, but a woman strongest, 1 Esd. When they have got gold and silver, they submit all to a beautiful woman, give themselves wholly to her, gape and gaze on her, and all men desire her more than gold or silver, or any precious thing: they will leave father and mother, and venture their lives for her, labour and travel to get, and bring all their gains to women, steal, fight, and spoil for their mistress's sake. And no king so strong, but a fair woman is stronger than he is.

All things as [] he proceeds fear to touch the king; yet I saw him and Apame his concubine, the daughter of the famous Bartacus, sitting on the right hand of the king, and she took the crown off his head, and put it on her own, and stroke him with her left hand; yet the king gaped and gazed on her, and when she laughed he laughed, and when she was angry he flattered to be reconciled to her. So beauty commands even kings themselves; nay whole armies and kingdoms are captivated together with their kings: [] Forma vincit armatos, ferrum pulchritudo captivat; vincentur specie, qui non vincentur proelio.

And 'tis a great matter saith [] Xenophon, and of which all fair persons may worthily brag, that a strong man must labour for his living if he will have aught, a valiant man must fight and endanger himself for it, a wise man speak, show himself, and toil; but a fair and beautiful person doth all with ease, he compasseth his desire without any pains-taking: God and men, heaven and earth conspire to honour him; every one pities him above other, if he be in need, [] and all the world is willing to do him good.

So did Rosamond insult over King Henry the Second. Simul in [] oculorum radiis crescebat fax amorum,.

Burning Eyes

Natural beauty is a stronger loadstone of itself, as you have heard, a great temptation, and pierceth to the very heart; [] forma verecundae, nocuit mihi visa puellae ; but much more when those artificial enticements and provocations of gestures, clothes, jewels, pigments, exornations, shall be annexed unto it; those other circumstances, opportunity of time and place shall concur, which of themselves alone were all sufficient, each one in particular to produce this effect.

It is a question much controverted by some wise men, forma debeat plus arti an naturae? Whether natural or artificial objects be more powerful? Quod pulchros Glycere sumas de pixide vultus,. For, as Tacitus observes, l. But this cannot be done except they first get opportunity of living, or coming together, ingress, egress, and regress; letters and commendations may do much, outward gestures and actions: but when they come to live near one another, in the same street, village, or together in a house, love is kindled on a sudden.

Many a serving-man by reason of this opportunity and importunity inveigles his master's daughter, many a gallant loves a dowdy, many a gentleman runs upon his wife's maids; many ladies dote upon their men, as the queen in Ariosto did upon the dwarf, many matches are so made in haste, and they are compelled as it were by [] necessity so to love, which had they been free, come in company of others, seen that variety which many places afford, or compared them to a third, would never have looked one upon another.

And many times those which at the first sight cannot fancy or affect each other, but are harsh and ready to disagree, offended with each other's carriage, like Benedict and Beatrice in the [] comedy, and in whom they find many faults, by this living together in a house, conference, kissing, colling, and such like allurements, begin at last to dote insensibly one upon another. It was the greatest motive that Potiphar's wife had to dote upon Joseph, and [] Clitiphon upon Leucippe his uncle's daughter, because the plague being at Bizance, it was his fortune for a time to sojourn with her, to sit next her at the table, as he tells the tale himself in Tatius, lib.

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Ismenias the orator makes the like confession in Eustathius, lib. Ipsam mihi videbar sorbillare virginem , I sipped and sipped so long, till at length I was drunk in love upon a sudden. Philocharinus, in [] Aristaenetus, met a fair maid by chance, a mere stranger to him, he looked back at her, she looked back at him again, and smiled withal. When all other engines fail, that they can proceed no farther of themselves, their last refuge is to fly to bawds, panders, magical philters, and receipts; rather than fail, to the devil himself.

Flectere si nequeunt superos, Acheronta movebunt. And by those indirect means many a man is overcome, and precipitated into this malady, if he take not good heed. For these bawds, first, they are everywhere so common, and so many, that, as he said of old [] Croton, omnes hic aut captantur, aut captant , either inveigle or be inveigled, we may say of most of our cities, there be so many professed, cunning bawds in them.

Besides, bawdry is become an art, or a liberal science, as Lucian calls it; and there be such tricks and subtleties, so many nurses, old women, panders, letter carriers, beggars, physicians, friars, confessors, employed about it, that nullus tradere stilus sufficiat , one saith, [] ———trecentis versibus.

Valleriola, lib. Laurentius, cap. Aelianus Montaltus de Her. Langius, epist. Et qui tenebant signa Phoebeae facis. Ut vidi ut insanii, ut animus mihi male affectiis est,. Neque virgo est usquam, neque ego, qui e conspectu illam amisi meo,. She sees and knows her fault, and doth resist,. Whate'er she doth, or whither e'er she go,. Atque aliquis interjuvenes miratus est, et verbum dixit,. Prognostics of Love-Melancholy. What fires, torments, cares, jealousies, suspicions, fears, griefs, anxieties, accompany such as are in love, I have sufficiently said: the next question is, what will be the event of such miseries, what they foretell.

Some are of opinion that this love cannot be cured, Nullis amor est medicabilis herbis , it accompanies them to the [] last, Idem amor exitio est pecori pecorisque magistro. The same passion consume both the sheep and the shepherd, and is so continuate, that by no persuasion almost it may be relieved. Although it be controverted by some, whether love-melancholy may be cured, because it is so irresistible and violent a passion; for as you know, [] ———facilis descensus Averni;.

Other good rules and precepts are enjoined by our physicians, which, if not alone, yet certainly conjoined, may do much; the first of which is obstare principiis , to withstand the beginning, [] Quisquis in primo obstitit, Pepulitque amorem tutus ac victor fuit , he that will but resist at first, may easily be a conqueror at the last. Balthazar Castilio, l. As there be divers causes of this burning lust, or heroical love, so there be many good remedies to ease and help; amongst which, good counsel and persuasion, which I should have handled in the first place, are of great moment, and not to be omitted.

Many are of opinion, that in this blind headstrong passion counsel can do no good. Quando habeo multos cognatos, quid opus mihi sit liberis? Where persuasions and other remedies will not take place, many fly to unlawful means, philters, amulets, magic spells, ligatures, characters, charms, which as a wound with the spear of Achilles, if so made and caused, must so be cured. If forced by spells and philters, saith Paracelsus, it must be eased by characters, Mag.

Fernelius Path. Malleus malef. Delrio tom. Cardan lib.

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Mizaldus cent. Noctuae ocum abstemios facit comestum, ex consilio Jarthae Indorum gymnosophistae apud Philostratum lib. Sanguis amasiae, ebibitus omnem amoris sensum tollit: Faustinam Marci Aurelii uxorem, gladiatoris amore captam, ita penitus consilio Chaldaeorum liberatam, refert Julius Capitolinus. Our old poets and fantastical writers have many fabulous remedies for such as are lovesick, as that of Protesilaus' tomb in Philostratus, in his dialogue between Phoenix and Vinitor: Vinitor, upon occasion discoursing of the rare virtues of that shrine, telleth him that Protesilaus' altar and tomb [] cures almost all manner of diseases, consumptions, dropsies, quartan-agues, sore eyes: and amongst the rest, such as are lovesick shall there be helped.

But the most famous is [] Leucata Petra, that renowned rock in Greece, of which Strabo writes, Geog. Maures, saith Sands, lib. Venus after the death of Adonis, when she could take no rest for love, [] Cum vesana suas torreret flamma medullas , came to the temple of Apollo to know what she should do to be eased of her pain: Apollo sent her to Leucata Petra, where she precipitated herself, and was forthwith freed; and when she would needs know of him a reason of it, he told her again, that he had often observed [] Jupiter, when he was enamoured on Juno, thither go to ease and wash himself, and after him divers others.

Cephalus for the love of Protela, Degonetus' daughter, leaped down here, that Lesbian Sappho for Phaon, on whom she miserably doted. The last refuge and surest remedy, to be put in practice in the utmost place, when no other means will take effect, is to let them go together, and enjoy one another: potissima cura est ut heros amasia sua potiatur , saith Guianerius, cap.

Aesculapius himself, to this malady, cannot invent a better remedy, quam ut amanti cedat amatum , [] Jason Pratensis than that a lover have his desire. Et pariter torulo bini jungantur in uno,. Nec magis Euryali gemitu, lacrymisque moveris,. Crasam et qui nunquam amavit, quique amavit, eras amet,. In Beasts, Men: before marriage, as Co-rivals; or after, as in this place.

Reclaiming the Magical Feminine in Midlife

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